Specific Trees for Certain Sites and Soils

Can you give me a few examples of some trees suitable to provide shelter from salty gales in our seaside garden?

The following are good, hardy trees which will help provide a wind-break; you will need to provide a temporary barrier between them and the wind for a year or two while they get hold: common hawthorn (Crataegus monogyna); scotch laburnum (Laburnum alpinum) – the commoner L. ‘Vossii’ would soon be damaged; the beach pine (Pinus contorta); the pussy willow (Salix caprea); and the whitebeam (Sorbus

We live at the lowest point of a shallow valley, and the ground tends to be boggy in parts of our garden. Is there a tree which will thrive with its roots permanently in moist soil?

The swamp cypress (Taxodium distichum) would be ideal for these conditions provided there is no room in your garden: it grows eventually to about 24 m (80 ft); it is a deciduous tree, with foliage somewhat resembling that of the dawn redwood. The alders (Alnus) and willows (Salix) are also good trees for damp situations.

I wish to plant a row of cypresses to form a shelter belt, but have been told that the shallow, rather chalky soil of my garden is not suitable. Is this true, and if so what can I plant instead?

It is true that most conifers do best in a well-drained soil, or a well-worked clay. Shallow chalky soils are not suitable. For shelter on such a soil you could try hawthorn, beech, spindle-tree (Euonymus) ash, laburnum, and whitebeam (Sorbus aria). Whichever you plant, shelter them from wind for three years while they become established.

Is there a specially good type of soil for trees?

On the whole, most trees will grow in most soils – the deeper the better. So far as general likes and dislikes of particular types of trees are concerned, silver birches prefer a sandy type, beches thrive on chalky ones, conifers do badly on sticky clay soils, and one or two trees need acid-reacting soils. Your local nursery or garden centre will tell you whether a particular species in which you may be interested has any definite preferences.

01. November 2013 by admin
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