How to Grow Carrots

How to Grow Carrots

How to Grow Carrots Carrots are indispensable vegetables. Mainly used as mature roots in the winter, they are also a popular summer vegetable when the roots are still young and small.

Soil requirements

Light land is always best for carrots as the roots form straight and true. Stony and heavy soil causes the roots to fork, as does land that has recently had manure or compost dug in. On heavy land, grow stump rooted varieties.

Possible yield

About 9lb (4kg) of mature roots from a 10ft (3m) run of row, but about half that if you are lifting them earlier.

Time from Sowing to harvest

From 7 weeks to about 4 months, depending on the variety and when they’re lifted.

Varieties

For early use, starting at pencil thickness: ‘Amsterdam Sweetheart’ or ‘Nantes Express’. Maincrop: ‘Chantenay

Red Cored’ (stump rooted) or ‘Autumn King’ (long rooted). There are also a lot of multi-coloured varieties about now. These are no better than the normal orange ones, and sometimes not as good, but they will add a bit of colour to your life.

Sowing

Earlies may be sown thinly broadcast (not in rows) and raked in from March onward, the earliest being under cloches or cold frames. Sow second-earlies thinly in rows 6in (15cm) apart. Sow maincrop for storing in late April or early May. Sow thinly half an inch deep in rows 8in (20cm) apart.

Transplanting

Never transplant.

Cultivations

Thin second-earlies to 1-2in (2.5-5cm) apart and maincrop to 3-4 in (7.5-10cm) as soon as they’re large enough to handle. Water in well after thinning to reduce the scent and, thereby, the incidence of carrot fly. Keep watered and growing steadily to prevent splitting and the introduction of disease. Hoe carefully to avoid damage to the carrots. Earth up if the shoulders are showing above the soil, to prevent them going green.

Pests and diseases

Carrot fly is the worst, followed by aphids.

Harvesting

Pull up the earliest as necessary, starting when pencil thickness. Lift maincrop when the tops are dying down in October and store them in clamps or dry in net bags.

 

14. March 2011 by admin
Categories: Organics, Vegetable Gardening | Tags: , | Comments Off on How to Grow Carrots

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