How to Grow Cabbages

Growing Cabbages

How to Grow Cabbages Cabbage varieties are either round-headed or pointed. They are one of the easiest vegetables to grow because of their tolerance of a wide range of conditions. You can grow a succession of varieties for maturing all the year round.

Soil requirements

No special needs. Cabbages like firm land that is consolidated and well supplied with organic matter.

Possible yield

1-31b (0.5-1.4kg) per plant.

Time from Sowing to harvest

Spring cabbages, 4-6 months. Summer and autumn maturing varieties, 10-17 weeks. Winter 13-16 weeks.

Varieties

Winter, ‘Celtic’ or ‘Tundra’.

Spring (Greens), ‘Offenham Wintergreen’, (Headed) ‘Compacta’, ‘Flower of Spring’, ‘Advantage’ or ‘Pixie’. Summer ‘Hispi’ or ‘Minicole’.

Autumn, ‘Minicole’.

WinterWhite, ‘Polinius’. Red, ‘Ruby Ball’.

Sowing

The soil should be trodden down before Sowing. Sow thinly in nursery rows half an inch deep. Sow winter and red varieties outdoors in April/May, spring maturing varieties in July/August. Sow summer varieties under glass in February/March or outdoors in April/June.

Transplanting

Plant firmly using a dibber. Plant out red and winter varieties in June, 18in (45cm) apart. Spring varieties should be transplanted in September/October, 6in (15cm) between plants in the row and 12in (30cm) between rows. In early spring when the plants are touching; take out and use alternate ones, leaving the remainder to mature.

Harden off summer cabbage seedlings raised under glass and plant outside 18in (45cm) apart in April or May. Transplant those raised outdoors in June.

Cultivations

The ground should be well supplied with bulky organic matter which should be incorporated during digging. Lime is beneficial on acid ground. It should be applied soon after digging to allow it to be washed in by the rain. Because of cabbages’ liking for firm ground, any digging should have been done well in advance of planting. Hoe regularly to keep the weeds down.

Water in straight after planting, and then as required. Extra watering is only likely to be needed in the summer when a drought can lead to smaller heads and a strong taste.

Pests and diseases

As for Brussels sprouts.

Harvesting

Cabbages are far better if left standing until required for use. However, the Dutch White varieties can be cut and hung upside-down in a shed for use in winter. If you want cabbages in the winter, why not grow ‘Celtic’, ‘Tundra’ or ‘January King’?

 

Cabbage, Savoy

Easy to grow and very popular in the north of England and in Scotland because of their extreme winter hardiness, savoys are crisp and tasty, with a flavour stronger than that of cabbages. Except in mild districts, grow a few savoys as an insurance against a really bad winter.

Soil requirements

As for cabbages above.

Possible yield

4-9lb (1.8-4kg) per plant.

Time from Sowing to harvest

3-4 months.

Varieties

‘January King’ and ‘Savoy King’.

Sowing and Planting

Raise in the same way as winter cabbages by Sowing in late April/May and planting out 2ft (60cm) apart in June.

Cultivations and Harvesting

As for cabbages above .

Pests and diseases

As for Brussels sprouts.

 

 

13. March 2011 by admin
Categories: Organics, Vegetable Gardening | Tags: , , | Comments Off on How to Grow Cabbages

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