Gardener’s Glossary of Gardening Terms
Axil: The angle between the leafstalk and the stem.
Axillary: Arising in the axil.
Ball: The mass of soil and roots of a pot-grown plant.
Bleeding: The excretion of sap, usually as a result of late pruning.
Blind: A condition in which a plant has no growing point. Frequent in seedlings of. Hence to go blind.
Bloom: A powdery, waxy substance found on some fruits and leaves, especially those of plants that like dry conditions.
Bolt: When a vegetable plant flowers rather than makes a good heart, it is said to bolt. A common condition induring hot, dry periods.
Bract: A modified leaf, usually small, often green, at the base of a flower stalk or behind a flower head.
: The generic name for the cabbage family.
Break: A branch or fork, resulting from disbudding or injury.
Bulbil: A very small or secondary bulb that forms on such plants astigrinum.
Catch crop: A quick-growing crop, grown on ground prepared for another purpose and harvested without interfering with the growth of the main crop.
Clamp: A frost-proof structure made from straw and soil for storing root crops in the winter.
Crocks: Pieces of broken flowerpot used to providein pots and boxes.
Crook stage: (see Loop stage)
Cultivar: A cultivated variety.
Cutting: A portion of stem, leaf or root which has been removed from a plant and prepared for independent growth.
Dibber: A wooden tool used for making holes. A slender dibber is used for seedlings and a thicker one for other plants. Hence to dibble in seedlings.
Dicotyledon: A plant bearing two seed leaves.
Epiphyte: A plant that grows above ground on other plants and derives nourishment from the air. Hence epiphytic orchids.
Farina: A while flour-like substance that covers stems and leaves of some plants, such as primulas.
Fastigiate: Erect and tapering in habit. A term used to describe the form of such trees as the Lombardy poplar.
Floret: A floweret, one of the individual flowers which make up the head of a composite flower, such as a dahlia.
Friable: A term used to indicate a good loose condition of soil; easily broken up and workable.
Frond: The whole leaf of a fern.
Glaucous: Covered with a bloom, bluish-grey.
Haulm: The name given to the stem of some plants, such as, and , after harvesting.
Incurved: Petals or florets curving inward, as in some chrysanthemums.
Inflorescence: A group or arrangement of flowers on a stalk, sometimes forming a flower head.
Internode: The portion of stem between two nodes.
Kind: Genus; plants that vary botanic-ally from one another.
Lateral: Side shoot.
Leader: The main shoot.
Loop stage: An early stage of growth in seedlings of the onion family, when the growing tip is still held by the seed coat. Also called crook stage.
Maiden: A plant in its first year after grafting or budding.
Monocotyledon: A plant bearing one seed leaf.
Moraine: An accumulation of debris formed by glacial action. Used in rock-to describe a bed of similar construction.
Mulch: A top dressing put on the soil round plants to conserve moisture.
Naturalize: To grow plants under near-natural conditions so that they can maintain themselves.
Node: The point at which a leaf grows from a stem.
Open weather: Periods in winter that are free from frost, snow or rain.
Panicle: A type of inflorescence in which there are several forked branches, each with the youngest flowers at the top; for instance, lilac.
Parterre: A level space occupied by flower beds ornamentally arranged.
PH: A symbol used in conjunction with numbers to denote degrees ofor .
Picotee: A dianthus with light petals edged with a darker colour.
Pleach: To interlace; the weaving of branches to form a screen.
Pollard: A tree that has been severely lopped so that the head consists of new wood; common practice with willows.
Pot-bound: A plant that has completely filled its pot with roots is said to be pot-bound. When turned out of the pot, only roots are visible.
Puddle: To dip plant roots into a mixture of soil and water just before planting.
Raceme: A type of inflorescence in which the individual flowers grow all round the main stem, and are attached to it by a small stalk, as in the. The lower flowers open first.
Recurved: Petals or florets curving outward or backward.
Rhizome: An underground or surface running stem that resembles a root but produces true roots and shoots.
Scion: A bud or shoot removed from the parent plant for budding or grafting on to another plant.
Sepals: The green outer parts of a flower, collectively forming the calyx.
Set: A name given at planting time to someand tubers such as , and potatoes. (to) Set: Fruit blossom that has been fertilized and started to form miniature fruitlets is said to have set.
Slip: A cutting prepared by pulling a side shoot away from the main stem, so that a piece of the stem comes away at the same time.
Spadix: A column-like spike of male and female flowers usually surrounded by a spathe, as in the arum.
Spathe: The large bract surrounding the spadix in such plants as the arum lily.
Spit: One spade’s depth of soil, usually ten inches.
Spore: The minute ‘seed’ of ferns, mosses and fungi.
Sport: A shoot that differs (usually in flower colour) from the parent plant. Common in chrysanthemums.
Sp.: Species (plural: sps.).
Square-area rainer: A device on an iron stand fitted to the end of a hose. Water passes through a ‘rain fan’ which moves slowly backward and forward covering a square area with artificial rain.
Station sowing: The practice ofat the distance apart at which the plants are to grow.
Stigma: The sticky top of the style which receives the pollen grains.
Stolon: A shoot running along the surface of the soil and rooting at intervals.runners are an example.
Stool: A plant used only for propagation. A term commonly applied to chrysanthemum plants that are kept through the winter to produce.
Strike: To give to a cutting conditions of cultivation conducive to root production. Once the roots have formed, the cutting is said to have ‘struck’
Style: The stem of the female part of the flower that connects the stigma to the ovary.
Thong: A piece of root used as a root cutting for propagation.
Tilth: The texture of the soil: a fine tilth resembles dry crumbs.
Top fruit: Apples,and stone fruit.
Truss: A loose bunch of fruit or flowers as inand rhododendrons.
Tubercle: A small tuber-like growth.
Type plant: The original species.
Variety: A variation of the species of any plant.