Garden Design: Introduction

A beautiful garden depends for its success on its overall conception and on the ways its main elements are incorporated into the design.

Country Gardens

English country gardens come in all shapes and sizes. Many of the larger ones, designed on spacious, formal lines, hark back to the 18th-century fashion for landscape gardening. On a smaller scale, the cottage garden has become popular. This ‘natural’- looking style is a much more recent development. It owes its present form to the work of late-19th-century writers and designers, who called for informality in planting and the blending of harmonious colours and shapes in beds and borders.

With imagination, quite simple means can be used to create pleasingly subtle effects in the garden. You can design gardens with basically similar features – arches and broad, irregularly shaped borders – to produce radically different results. Even the smallest garden can be designed to yield unexpected pleasures.

City Gardens

A small city garden challenges one’s ingenuity in the use of space, especially if it is partly shadowed by neighbouring buildings. Consider exactly what role your garden is to play: unlike a large country garden it may simply not be suitable for multiple uses, with flower borders, children’s play areas, and so on. If it is really tiny, you could design it for use as a picture – purely for viewing from a house window; such a single viewing point also helps to simplify the design problem.

Much imagination is exercised by city dwellers who have no garden but are determined to grow their own outdoor plants. They are essentially limited to container gardening, but there is great satisfaction in selecting, or making one’s own, containers and in choosing the colours and shapes of favourite varieties of annuals, perennials and shrubs to create striking effects on a miniature scale.

Water Gardens

Used imaginatively water can be one of the most fascinating features of a garden. A water garden can be anything from a mini-pool on a city-garden patio to the cultivated banks of a stream meandering through a country estate. When planning a water garden, try to exploit water’s main attributes: its reflective properties, and its shimmering appearance and soothing sound when in motion.

Rock Gardens

Rock gardens offer the chance to display a range of mostly small but often brilliantly coloured plants in a miniature mountain setting, and they can add vertical interest to an otherwise flat garden terrain. Give thought to the way the rock garden will relate to the rest of the garden, and to the way the rock outcrops fit into their slope and create soil pockets for plants.

03. September 2013 by admin
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