(D =leaf losing and E = )
The cotoneaster is one of the easiest shrubs to grow and is among the most beautiful, both in flower and fruit.
Cotoneasters are hardy and require no special soil. There are over 60 different kinds in cultivation, all of which bear small pinkish-white flowers in May or June and ornamental fruits. Plant from October to February.
Cotoneaster adpressa (D), 1-1/2 ft., similar to C. horizontalis, and can be grown at the foot of a wall.
C. cornubia (D), 20 ft., very large scarlet fruits.
C. dielsiana (D), 8 ft., a graceful shrub with large scarlet fruits and good autumn colour.
C. franchetii (evergreen), 10 ft., greyish leaves and orange-red fruits.
C. frigida (D), 20ft. Or more, bears masses of crimson berries.
C. horizontalis (D), 1 to 1-1/2 ft., spreads horizontally and bears small leaves, twigs and branches arranged like a herring-bone, red berries and colourful autumn leaves. This species is useful for covering manhole covers or banks; it can also be grown at the foot of a wall.
C. lactea (evergreen), 12 ft., has larger leaves than most cotoneasters, grey underneath, and bright red berries.
C. simonsii, 10 ft., a deciduous or semi-evergreen shrub. A fineplant.
Deciduous orshrubs or small trees, valuable for the rich autumnal tints of their foliage and for their winter berries. They are lime-tolerant and flourish in the most exposed gardens. Several may be used as specimen trees ie. C. jrigida; to cover a wall; as a hedge; or in the shrub border for their habit is most diverse. Several may be planted on the , being of almost prostrate habit. To train them for whichever purpose they are required, carefully thin out overcrowded and dead and unwanted wood which should be done in spring. Propagation is by seed sown outdoors in drills or in a frame in spring; or by removed with a ‘heel’ and inserted in a sandy compost in July.
Of numerous species and varieties, C. conspicuus is a small leaved plant growing 4 ft (1.2 m) tall, with gracefully arching branches, its white flowers followed by bright red berries. C. jranchetii sternianus (Syn: C. yvardii) has sage-green leaves, silver beneath and bright orange berries.
C. jrigidus from the Himalayas is a handsome smalltree with broad dark green leaves and bearing large clusters of crimson berries which it retains through winter. C. horizontalis will cover a wall horizontally, giving rich autumn colour with its red-tinted leaves and scarlet berries. C. salicifolius is the Willow-leaf Cotoneaster, a tall growing evergreen which is red with berries in autumn and winter.